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2020年北京文博会精品推荐--民国飞龙币

  • 2020-05-19 19:15
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  • 软广
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2020年北京文博会精品推荐

藏品参数:

     

藏品名称:

Collection name:

飞龙币

Flying Dragon Coin

 

藏品年代:

Collection date:

民国

Republic of China

藏品类型:

Collection Type:

钱币

coin

藏品详情:

Collection info:

直径:3.9cm 重量:37g

Diameter: 3.9cm Weight: 37g

 

1915年12月12日,袁世凯宣布接受帝位,复辟帝制,废除共和政体,改中华民国为中华帝国,废除民国纪年,改民国五年(公元1916年)为洪宪元年,史称"洪宪帝制"。是年设计铸造了袁世凯高缨像中华帝国洪宪纪元飞龙银币。该币由意大利雕版师鲁尔智·乔治雕模,天津造币厂铸造。银币的规格为库平七钱二分,成色高,含银量为90%。

洪宪飞龙银币正面为袁世凯九分脸正面及胸像,面部稍左侧。袁世凯身着大元帅服,头戴鹭羽高缨冠,胸前佩戴大勋章。背面中央为飞龙图案,上面镌“中华帝国”4字,下面镌“洪宪纪元”4字,齿边。

袁世凯接受帝位后,开始大肆封官赐爵,改总统府为新华宫,准备于1916年元旦正式登基。袁世凯的倒行逆施激起了全国人民公愤。一时间反帝制运动席卷全国。1915年12月25日,唐继尧、蔡锷、李烈钧在云南宣布独立,讨伐袁世凯背叛共和,护国战争爆发。袁世凯称帝的丑行使得北洋统治集团分崩离析,西方列强也表达了反对袁世凯称帝的立场。袁世凯众叛亲离,内外交困,被迫在一片反对声中,于1916年3月22日宣布取消帝制,共做了83天没有正式登基的皇帝梦,于两个多月后的1916年6月6日病死。洪宪飞龙银币即停止铸制发行。

有人考证,此币系民国八年公元1919年)天津造币厂厂长李伯琦令雕版师临摹“洪宪小飞龙拾元金币”图案刻版成模,配上袁世凯共和纪念银币面模,戏铸而成。有大字 、粗尾 、签字等版别。此币设计具有明显的帝王色彩,铸工精美,传世不多,较为珍贵。

On December 12, 1915, Yuan Shikai announced that he would accept the throne, restore the monarchy, abolish the republican government, change the Republic of China to the Chinese Empire, abolish the Republic of China, and change the five years of the Republic of China (AD 1916) to the first year of Hong Xian. . It was the year of design casting the silver coin of Yuan Shikai's Gaoying like the Chinese Empire's Hongxian era. The coin was cast by the Italian engraver Ruerzhi George and minted by the Tianjin Mint. The specification of the silver coin is Kuping Qiqian two cents, the color is high, and the silver content is 90%.

The front face of Hong Xianfeilong silver coin is the front and bust of Yuan Shikai's ninth face, with the face slightly to the left. Yuan Shikai was dressed in the Field Marshal's uniform, wearing a high tassel crown and a large medal on his chest. The center of the back is a dragon pattern, with the words "Chinese Empire" on the top, and the words "Hong Xian Jiyuan" on the bottom, with edging.

After accepting the throne, Yuan Shikai began to arrogantly grant the title to the prince and changed the presidential palace to Xinhua Palace in preparation for the official ascension on New Year's Day in 1916. Yuan Shikai's retrograde actions aroused public outrage across the country. The anti-imperialist movement swept the country for a while. On December 25, 1915, Tang Jiyao, Cai E, and Li Liejun declared their independence in Yunnan, crusade against Yuan Shikai's rebellion against the Republic, and the war of protecting the country broke out. Yuan Shikai's ugly behavior as emperor made the Northern Yangtze ruling group fall apart, and Western powers also expressed their opposition to Yuan Shikai's emperor's position. Yuan Shikai was betrayed by his family, and his country was in trouble. He was forced to speak out of opposition. On March 22, 1916, he announced the abolition of the imperial system. He had an emperor ’s dream of 83 days without formal enthronement, and died of illness on June 6, 1916, more than two months later. . Hong Xian Feilong Silver Coin ceased casting and issuance.

Some people have verified that this coin is the eighth year of the Republic of China (1919 AD). Li Boqi, the director of the Tianjin Mint, made the engraver's copy of the "Hong Xian Xiao Fei Long picking up the gold coins" pattern engraved into a pattern, matched with the Yuan Shikai Republican commemorative silver coin mask Made. There are big characters, thick tails, signatures and other editions. The design of this coin has obvious emperor colors, exquisite casters, few handed down and more precious.

2020年5月13日

 

 

来源: 软广 作者: 管理员 编辑: admin
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